Phase 2 and 3 of Letters and Sounds Grapheme, Digraphs and Trigraphs
Click here to download the phase 2 and 3 graphemes, digraphs and trigraphs.
A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound, like s or t and ch or igh. A grapheme is a one letter sound, like s, a, t, p. A digraph is a two letter sound like ch, sh, ai and oa. A trigraph is a three letter sound like igh, air and ear.
This download contains flash cards for the phase 2 and phase 3 phonemes, which includes graphemes, digraphs and trigraphs. I’ve made them all by myself so there’s no copyright or anything on them. I’m sharing them for everyone to use.
The order for the 23 phase 2 phonemes is..
s a t p i n m d g o c k ck e u r h b l ll f ff ss
The order for the 25 (26) phase 3 phonemes is…
j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu, ch, sh, th, (ng), ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er
It is important to always teach to the children’s local accent. For example, when I speak I do use the /ng/ phoneme. So that the word ‘wing’ is broken down into w – i – ng.
However, in my local area, the ‘g’ sound is pronounced at the end of words so ‘wing’ is broken down into w – i – n – g.
If your local area pronounces the ‘g’ at the end of words, I would suggest not teaching the /ng/ phoneme as it won’t be used. It isn’t needed for spelling words at this stage.